Category Archives: Cabinet

20 changes to South Africa’s Cabinet: All You Need To Know

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(Picture courtesy of: New24 and Eye Witness News)

In the late hours of the evening of 30 March 2017, the Presidency of the Republic of South Africa issued an alert that it would make an announcement related to changes to the National Executive.

Just after midnight on 31 March 2017, the Presidency issued a statement announcing President Jacob’s Zuma’s appointment of 10 new Cabinet Ministers and 10 new Deputy Ministers.

In an unprecedented move, President Jacob Zuma effected 20 sweeping changes to his Cabinet citing the need to “improve efficiency and effectiveness” and “bring some younger MPs and women into the National Executive in order to benefit from their energy, experience and expertise” as his reasons.

In total 5 former Cabinet Ministers and 2 former Deputy Ministers were axed from the National Executive.

The new Ministers and Deputy Ministers appointed by President Zuma have been issued a clear directive by the President to work tirelessly with other Cabinet members to bring about “radical socio-economic transformation” and delivery of the party’s electoral mandate.

The changes to the Cabinet have been met with widespread public and political outcry and condemnation for the manner in which it was executed. This includes for reasons relating to the removal of well-performing cabinet ministers such as the Minister and Deputy Minister of Finance and the retaining of under-performing and controversial Ministers.

Opposition political parties have resorted to the Courts in search of a remedy and called for Parliament to vote on a Motion of No Confidence in the President.

Upon the news of the imminent Cabinet reshuffle and the potential the South Africa Rand had already weakened around 4% to the US Dollar. By the end of the week, the Rand was calculated to have weakened 8% against the US Dollar – the biggest weekly drop since 2015 when the then Minister of Finance, Mr. Nhlanhla Nene was summarily removed from his position by President Jacob Zuma.

The ETHICORE Political Lobbying team is pleased our first glimpse to the Cabinet changes and its implications.

Here’s all you need to know. Click here to download: 20 Changes to South Africa’s Cabinet – all you need to know

Cabinet reshuffle: Changes to the National Executive (9 July 2013)

Cabinet reshuffle July 2013 (small 320 x 213)On Tuesday 9 July 2013, President Jacob Zuma announced wide ranging changes to the National Executive (i.e. Cabinet) and the fourth in as many years during the term of the current administration since coming into in 2009 and with general elections on the horizon in 2014.

Three altogether new appointments were announced, all of whom were generally highly regarded Members of Parliament recently within the ANC Parliamentary Caucus and with high levels of responsibilities of various parliamentary committees and in the caucus. They are:

  • Ms Connie September (Minister of Human Settlements)
  • Mr John Jeffrey (Deputy Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development)
  • Adv Michael Masutha (Deputy Minister of Science and Technology)

Two ministers are shifted within the Cabinet, namely:

  • Mr. Ben Martins goes from Minister of Transport to Minister of Energy
  • Ms Dipouo Peters goes from Minister Energy to Minister of Transport

Two previous Deputy Ministers are promoted to full Ministerial duty, namely:

  • Mr Yunus Carrim from Deputy Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs to Minister of Communications
  • Mr Lechesa Tsenoli from Deputy Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform to Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs.

Two Ministers are removed from the Cabinet altogether, namely:

  • Mr Tokyo Sexwale, former Minister of Human Settlements and who found himself opposing President Jacob Zuma re-election for a second term as party President.
  • Ms Dina Pule who has consistently been hounded by allegations of corruption, ethical misconduct, poor administration and non-delivery in the Communications portfolio she headed and which has been dogged by controversy.

Download the complete political update and analysis here: Political Update_Cabinet Reshuffle_09July2013

Cabinet Statement: 15 May 2013

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Statement on the Cabinet meeting of 15 May 2013

1. Cabinet’s position on prominent issues in the current environment

1.1. Cabinet expressed concern at recent labour unrest at Lonmin’s Marikana Mine which has led to the downing of tools and a disruption of productivity. The dispute is reported as centering around issues of majority representation involving the National Union of Mineworkers and the Association for Mining and Construction Union.

Cabinet appeals to the leadership of both unions (NUM and AMCU) to resolve their dispute amicably and put the interests of the country and workers above everything else. Workers must be aware that the unprotected strike could have serious consequences not only for themselves, but for the future of the mine and that of their jobs.

Cabinet also appeals to Lonmin management to do everything possible to make sure that the problems are resolved as soon as possible without further damage. It is in the best interest of the country for both unions and management at Lonmin to demonstrate required levels of leadership and industrial relations management.

1.2. Cabinet fully supports the preliminary findings from the investigation into the unauthorised landing of a civilian aircraft at Waterkloof Air Force Base.

Cabinet stressed that the safety and sovereignty of South Africa is of paramount importance. Violation of laws and rules relevant to the ports of entry and facilities of strategic national importance must be dealt with firmly and without fear or favour. Those who are found to infringe and compromise regulations must face the full might of the law.

1.3. Cabinet welcomes the work by Government Departments which has been reported on by various Ministers during the departmental Budget Votes. Cabinet notes that the coverage afforded to the Budget Votes assists in empowering citizens with information and holding government accountable.

1.4. Cabinet welcomes the discussions between the Department of Basic Education and the South African Democratic Teachers’ Union (SADTU) which led to the suspension of protest action.

Cabinet calls on all stakeholders in the education sector to resolve their disputes so that education of our young people is not compromised.

1.5. Cabinet noted the Quarterly Labour Force Survey (QLFS) which shows an increase in the unemployment rate from 24,9 per cent to 25,2 per cent.
Government is accelerating measures, such as the state-led infrastructure drive, to increase employment through Public Sector interventions.

Government together with labour and business launched the Social Accord on Youth Employment in April 2013. This further demonstrates a collective commitment towards addressing the issue of unemployment. It maps out individual sector pledges to contribute in fighting youth unemployment with concrete targets and time frames for successful execution, monitoring and collective evaluation of the identified interventions.

Cabinet remains confident that measures already underway will assist the country to create new jobs and realise its target of five-million new jobs by 2020.

1.6. Cabinet welcomes the signing of an action plan to implement the Memorandum of Understanding on Biodiversity Conservation and Protection between South Africa and Vietnam.

The Implementation Plan will run until 2017 and will assist efforts to combat crime involving wildlife, particularly rhino poaching. Cabinet reiterates that Government is committed to addressing the scourge of rhino poaching and reaffirms that perpetrators will be prosecuted.

1.7. Cabinet welcomes the announcement by the Department of Home Affairs to pilot the Smart ID card system, which further consolidates our national identity and enhances national security.

This key milestone holds the potential to speed up government services, while cutting down on crime and corruption involving identity documents.

Cabinet calls on South Africans to support this process so that by 2020 we are all in receipt of a Smart ID Card as a form of national identification.

1.8. Cabinet condemns the attack on a United Nations convoy in Abyei, Sudan, which resulted in the deaths of a tribal chief and an Ethiopian peacekeeper. This regrettable incident threatens the stability of Abyei as well as the progress recently achieved by Sudan and South Sudan.

1.9. Cabinet  denounces the attack on Syria by the Israeli security forces. Cabinet calls on the United Nations to prevail on external forces to respect the sovereignty of Syria and to allow Syrians to work together in resolving their disputes.

1.10. Cabinet welcomed the inauguration of Advocate Lawrence Mushwana as the new Chairperson of the International Co-ordinating Committee (ICC) of National Institutions for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights. This is the first time that Africa heads the office of the Chairperson of the ICC. The position of ICC Chairperson secures increased focus on the country’s human rights track record and its compliance with international human rights obligations.

1.11. Cabinet welcomed that the 50th anniversary of the Organisation of African Unity which will be celebrated on Africa Day, 25 May 2013.

Cabinet highlighted that the solidarity of the OAU in excluding the apartheid government from its organs uplifted our struggle for freedom and attainment of democracy.

South Africa will join the continent in commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the African Union. The activities include a month-long exhibition of contemporary visual arts in the SADC region from 24 May to 28 June 2013. The Africa Institute of South Africa will also convene the academic community and diaspora as part of the commemorations on 19-21 May 2013. Furthermore, there will be an exhibition at the Ditsong Museum (City of Tshwane) to commemorate Africa Day on 21 May 2013 under the theme “50 Years after forming the Organisation of African Union – Africa must unite or Perish”. This will be followed by a Africa Day music concert at the Union Buildings on 25 May 2013.

1.12. Cabinet welcomed President Jacob Zuma’s speedy response to the invitation by a community member to visit the people of Eldorado Park and neighbouring  Kliptown, on Tuesday, 14 May 2013. The community’s request was to discuss the escalating illegal drug trafficking and abuse problem in the area.

Government, together with the community, has committed to accelerate the intervention programme to stop the scourge that is destroying young people.

1.13. Cabinet welcomed the follow up visit by Deputy President Motlanthe, accompanied by leaders of the three spheres of government, to De Doorns in the Western Cape on Saturday 11 May 2013. The visit and dialogue with stakeholders including farmworkers stems from the initial visit of the Deputy President on 12 February 2013. Solid progress was noted from a number of departments in improving services in the area. The commitment demonstrated by all parties lays a solid foundation for ongoing engagement toward a sustainable agrarian sector.

2. Key Cabinet discussions and decisions

2.1. Cabinet was briefed on preparations for Child Protection Week (CPW) between 27 May and 2 June 2013, under the theme: “Working together to protect children.”

The child and youth dialogues are being conducted in all provinces as a build up to the launch of Child Protection Week and the Conference. As part of awareness-raising, Child Protection Week will be launched together with the orphans, vulnerable children and youth (OVCY) Conference on 27 May at the Inkosi Albert Luthuli International Convention Centre in KwaZulu-Natal.

Cabinet calls on all South Africans to contribute towards the protection of our children and create a safe and secure environment. South Africans can visibly demonstrate their support by wearing a green ribbon as a symbol of life, growth, hope, care and support for our future leaders.

The focus of Child Protection Week and the Orphans, Vulnerable Children and Youth Conference is on child participation in our society and communities so that children are heard on matters affecting them.

2.2.  Cabinet approved the National Aquaculture Policy Framework (NAPF). This policy provides a unified framework for the establishment and development of an industry that contributes towards sustainable job creation and increased investment.

The NAPF was developed against the backdrop of a global aquaculture sector that has seen an increased demand for fishery products. In South Africa, marine and freshwater aquaculture presents a good opportunity to diversify fish production to satisfy local demand, contribute to food security, job creation, economic development and rural development, and export opportunities.

2.3.  Cabinet approved that South Africa hosts the Third Global Conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change in the fourth quarter of 2013, led by the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

Food security remains a major concern and the Conference will have positive implications for how we produce, manage and utilise food. Since COP17/CMP7, South Africa has been one of the leading countries in promoting climate smart agriculture, which responds to the challenges of food security and climate change. The Global Conference aims to develop forms of growth that are socially and environmentally sustainable.

2.4. Cabinet approved South Africa’s ratification of the Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Annex to the Southern African Development Community’s Protocol on Trade and for this to be submitted to Parliament.

The SADC Protocol on Trade to which South Africa has acceded serves to promote regional cooperation and integration amongst member states for trade in goods and services within the region, including agricultural products.

The SADC SPS Annex to the SADC Protocol on Trade provides an enabling framework for SPS cooperation. It also promotes harmonisation of SPS measures based on international standards and guidelines in order to facilitate safe and fair trade of agriculture products in the region.

2.5. Cabinet was updated on progress relating to South Africa’s hosting of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) meetings in 2013, which includes the Inter-sessional meeting in Kimberley from 4 to 7 June and the KPCS Plenary in Gauteng from 26 to 29 November 2013. The hosting of the KPCS meetings will contribute to the promotion of the diamond industry and tourism.

South Africa’s position as chair of the KPCS gives recognition to the key role that South Africa plays in the international diamond sector. As the chair South Africa aims to strengthen international trade relations, with a view to consolidate and increase the African footprint within the KPCS and contribute to a safer global environment.

3. Bills

3.1.  Cabinet approved the publication of the Restitution of Land Rights Amendment Bill 2013 and Memorandum on the Objects of the Bill, for public comment.

This gives effect to the President’s 2013 State of Nation Address announcement on proposed amendments to the Restitution Act. This relates to extending the date for lodgment of claims for restitution, to enable those parties that did not submit claims by the closing date of 31 December 1998 or who were excluded from the process, to submit.

The re-opening of lodgment of claims is guided by the vision of the National Development Plan as well as the Comprehensive Rural Development Programme and other growth strategies intended to promote national reconciliation and social cohesion.

3.2. Cabinet approved the submission of the Electronic Communication Amendment Bill to Parliament.

The amendment was necessitated by the liberalisation of the electronic communications sector and rapid technological advancements which have rendered the continued presence of some provisions in the Act redundant. The Amendments seeks to deal with competition promotion limitation, access to electronic communications infrastructure, communication costs as well as improving turnaround time for consultative processes.

The Amendment Bill aligns the Act with broad-based black economic empowerment legislation; refines licensing issues; improves competition provisions; removes regulatory bottlenecks and provides for matters connected to this.

3.3. Cabinet approved the submission of the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA) Amendment Bill to Parliament. The Amendment Bill responds to some of the issues in the National Development Plan (NDP).

The amendments of the Independent Communication Authority Act No. 13 of 2002 (ICASA Act) are underpinned by the need for institutional improvements to strengthen the independent Authority. This will be through the provision of clarity on aspects of its powers; to align the Act more closely to the requirements of the Public Finance Management Act (PFMA) and to improve its efficiency. This is with a view to improve accountability and transparency which will contribute to sound governance practices within ICASA.

Government needs to play a greater role to ensure that the electronic communications sector is regulated in a manner that supports overall national goals. This should not be read to suggest any limitation on ICASA’s independence.

The importance of an independent and impartial regulator for the communications sector cannot be overemphasised.

4. Appointments

4.1. Cabinet approved the appointment of Mr Ebrahim Mohamed as the Commissioner of the National Consumer Commission for a period of five (5) years.

Source: Government Communication and Information System (GCIS), 16 May 2013

Financial Services Laws General Amendment Bill tabled in Parliament

The Financial Services Laws General Amendment Bill (Bill 29 of 2012), was tabled in Parliament on 25 September 2012.

Cabinet approval and public consultation
Cabinet approved the Bill for tabling in Parliament towards the end of February 2012. The Bill was released for public comment in March 2012 and the commentary period was extended to 2 May 2012. A range of financial services stakeholders, interested and affected parties were consulted by Government during information session held as part of the consultative process on the Bill. These include, the ETHICORE client The Banking Association South Africa, the Association of Savings and Investments South Africa, the South African Insurance Association, the Institute of Retirement Funds and the Congress of South African Trade Unions.

Objectives of the Bill
According to a statement released by the National Treasury on 27 September 2012 upon tabling of the Bill in Parliament, the Bill address the urgency of issues contained in eleven financial sector laws, including legislative gaps highlighted after the 2008 financial crisis and to align these laws with the new Companies Act (2008) and other legislation.

The Bill seeks to:

  • Close gaps identified by the Financial Sector Assessment Program conducted by the IMF and World Bank regarding South Africa’s adherence to international standards for financial regulation;
  • Align financial sector legislation with the new Companies Act, 2008;
  • Eliminate overlaps caused by the Consumer Protection Act, 2008; Companies Act, 2008; and Competition Commission Act, 2009; and
  • Make the Financial Services Board (“FSB”) the lead regulator where there is concurrent jurisdiction.

Changes to the original Bill
National Treasury has also pointed out in its statement that the Bill contains new amendments that were not present in the original version of the Bill. According to National Treasury, these changes are reflective comments received during the consultation process and the 33 written submissions received and include:

New amendments to the Financial Services Board (FSB) Act:-

  • Limitation of liability of the regulator if it exercises the powers conferred upon it in terms of statute provided those powers were exercised in good faith (‘bona fide’).
  • Empowers the Minister to prescribe a code of engagement, consultation and communication for the FSB.
  • Appropriately clarifies the interaction between financial and non-financial legislation.
  • Defers some of the emergency powers to legislation next year that will lay the basis for implementing the “Twin Peaks” regulatory reform.
  • Provides for exemptions and directives to be tabled by the FSB.
  • Ensures that information received by the FSB is treated confidentially.

New amendments to the Pension Funds Act:

  • Provides for whistle-blowing protection for board members, valuators, principal/deputy officers, and employees who disclose material information to the Registrar.
  • Requires a fund board member to attain skills and training as prescribed by the Registrar, within a certain period.
  • Extends personal liability to employers in respect of non-payment of pension contributions to a fund.
  • Provides protection for board members from joint and several liabilities if they act independently and honestly in exercising their fiduciary obligations.
  • Requires pension funds to notify the Registrar of their intention to submit an application to register prior to commencing the business of a pension fund.

Forthcoming Parliamentary
The Bill has now been referred to Parliament’s National Assembly Standing Committee on Finance as a proposed Section 75 Bill in terms of the Constitution. This meaning that it does not affect the Provinces, but must be referred to the National Council of Provinces. ETHICORE will publish further information on the forthcoming Parliamentary process on the Bill. Should you have any enquiries and/or regarding the content of this post or the forthcoming Parliamentary process, kindly do not hesitate to contact us.

Document downloads
The following documents on the Bill released by Parliament and the National Treasury are available for below:

Financial Services Laws General Amendment Bill (B29-2012)

National Treasury Explanatory Memo (27 Sept 2012) to Financial Services Laws General Amendment Bill

National Treasury Response to comments on Financial Services Laws General Amendment Bill (27 Sept 2012)

National Treasury statement (27 Sept 2012) on Financial Services Laws General Amendment Bill

Analysing Pres. Zuma’s Cabinet Reshuffle

By Abdul Waheed Patel  and Muhammad Khalid Sayed

Addressing a media conference at the Union Buildings in Pretoria on 12 June 2012, President Jacob announced an unexpected cabinet reshuffle – the third of its kind in as many years since the term of the current government commenced. A number of existing cabinet ministers and deputy ministers were reallocated to alternative portfolios and the appointment of a number of members of Parliament as deputy ministers. In this feature we provide a deeper analysis of the impact and implications of each appointment.

Ministerial Appointments
Minister of Public Service and Administration (Dr. Lindiwe Nonceba Sisulu)

Since her election to Parliament in 1994, Dr. Sisulu has developed a broad grounding in administering state affairs dealing with the sovereignty of the Republic under different ANC-led administrations. Analysts have argued that Dr. Sisulu’s redeployment as Minister of Public Service and Administration is somewhat of a demotion from Defence, arguing that she has been demoted because she is not in the so-called Zuma-camp and she has not made the President privy to key defence issues. It has also been argued that she was averse to engaging critically with Parliament, particularly with the opposition. The DA’s spokesperson on Defence, David Maynier in fact welcomed her redeployment away from Defence. Whilst this may well be the case, in as far as the function of Minister of Public Service and Administration is concerned in the context of current wage disputes and negotiations involving workers belonging to the ANC’s ally, COSATU, her redeployment may well strengthen the functioning of the Department of Public Service and Administration. In all her portfolios, Dr. Sisulu has been a firm negotiator, having dealt somewhat successfully with the unions when she was Minister of Defence. Whilst she was less successful in heading functions that roll out frontline services such as Home Affairs and Housing, she has displayed a considerable amount of strength in providing political leadership to departments such as Defence which ensure the sovereignty of the State and have a key regulatory function. This will stand her in good stead as Minister of Public Service and Administration, which has a significant role in regulating the dispensation governing the public service.

Minister of Defence and Military Veterans (Ms. Nosiviwe Noluthando Mapisa-Nqakula)

Given Nqakula’s experience as a Member of Parliament in the Intelligence and Defence Committees, her military experience inside of MK, and her previously held roles as Minister of Home Affairs and Correctional Services which are in Cabinet’s Security Cluster, she will adjust quite well to being the political head of the Department of Defence and Military Veterans, which falls within Government’s Governance and Security Cluster. Furthermore as Minister of Correctional Services she often had a good reputation with opposition MPs in terms of engaging the National Assembly Portfolio Committee on Correctional Services directly. Therefore her appointment may well be welcomed by members of the Committee on Defence and Military Veterans, who have had a somewhat strenuous relationship with the previous minister. Given her clear support for President Jacob Zuma within the NEC of the ANC and the fact that her husband, Mr. Charles Nqakula is President Zuma’s political advisor in the Presidency, it is believed that she will ensure that the President plays a much more direct role in key security issues relating to the department than was the case under her predecessor.

Minister of Transport (Mr. Benedict Martins)

Mr. Martins’ promotion from the Deputy Ministry of Public Enterprises will most certainly bring much public enterprise experience into the Transport Ministry. Transport has a key a public enterprise element, particularly in terms of South African Airways and Transnet. Martins’ experience will come to the fore in context of the infrastructure drive and the role which the Department of Transport will need to play in terms of the policy and regulatory framework. Whilst many analysts have erroneously viewed his appointment as a reward on the part of Zuma to the SACP, it is important to view this appointment within the context of the balance of Cabinet. Not only was it somewhat imbalanced for a senior leader within the alliance and lawmaker like Martins to serve as a Deputy to the youthful Gigaba, it was also somewhat of a waste to have had a person serve as Deputy Minister when his experience and capabilities prove that he should be leading a department, especially when the current Minister of Public Enterprises is playing a good role as Minister.

Minister of Correctional Services (Mr. Joel Sibusiso Ndebele)

Many in the media have argued that his redeployment from Minister of Transport to Minister of Correctional Services is a demotion, as punishment for his handling of the controversial e-tolling saga. It must however be noted that the challenges which Government has faced around e-tolling is not due to Minister Ndebele alone. The e-tolling decision was made by Cabinet and the funding arrangements concluded by the National Treasury under the Minister of Finance. His redeployment should be seen in light of the balance of the Cabinet, given the experience of Minister Ben Martins which was utilised purely as a Deputy Minister. Furthermore given that Transport has a major law enforcement element, Ndebele’s redeployment to Correctional Services may well have a positive impact on the political functioning of the Department of Correctional Services.

Deputy Ministerial appointments

Deputy Minister of Public Works (Mr. Jeremy Cronin)

Media analysts have attributed his redeployment as Deputy Minister of Public Works to Zuma’s desire to protect the SACP from any embarrassment around the e-tolling, given the SACP’s opposition to it. This is however far from accurate in that the new Minister of Transport, Ben Martins is also a senior SACP leader. The decision to move Cronin to Public Works should be viewed in light of his strong skills. Given the problems which the Minister of Public Works has noted regarding the Department, it is important for the revival and functioning of the Department in light of the infrastructure drive for the Minister to be supported by a strong Deputy Minister.

Deputy Minister of Economic Development (Prof. Hlengiwe Buhle Mkhize)

Given the length of time during which the Department of Economic Development has not had a Deputy Minister as well as the reportedly tenuous relationship between Minister Ebrahim Patel and his former Deputy Enoch Godongwana who was Patel’s senior within the ruling party, Prof. Mkhize’s appointment will most certainly strengthen the political buy-in and support for the Department’s political leadership. Notwithstanding her rank inside of the ANC Womens League, the fact that she is junior within the alliance to Patel may also help in terms of the working relationship. Based on her vast NGO experience Prof. Mkhize may well balance the focus of the New Growth Path (NGP) in as far as placing it within a context of grassroots and women’s development is concerned. Her experience as the country’s Ambassador to the Netherlands and her membership on International Criminal Court (ICC) and United Nations (UN) bodies may well have given her a good grasp of international trade issues, adding another dimension to the political leadership of the Department of Economic Development. Her brief experience gained in the Ministry of Higher Education bodes well for the Department’s work with Higher Education regarding the Skills Accord and skills development as a key component of the New Growth Path. As Deputy Minister of Higher Education she engaged extensively with the Minister of Economic Development on the role of the Department of Higher Education in the drafting and implementing the Skills Accord and on broader issues of skills development in the context of the New Growth Path. Her knowledge of New Growth Path’s policy dynamics is therefore extensive.

Deputy Minister of Transport (Ms. Sindisiwe Chikungu)

Whilst her appointment as Deputy Minister of Transport is most likely both recognition of her thorough work in conducting oversight and at the same time may reduce the level the accountability which the Ministry of Police has to Parliament’s Police Committee, Chikungu is likely to drive the efficient running of the Department of Transport due to her stringent oversight role as a lawmaker. Her recent role as a vociferous lawmaker in holding the ANC-led Government’s Police to account will also place her well with regards to relating to, engaging with, and responding to critique of the Department of Transport levelled by members of Parliament.

Deputy Minister of Public Enterprises (Mr. Bulelani Gratitude Magwanishe)

Magwanishe’s grounding as an ANCYL member and his previous good working relationship under the Minister of Public Enterprise, Malusi Cigaba within the League structures creates the conditions for Magwanishe to complement Cigaba as his junior in leading the Department. In addition to this however, Magwanisha’s experience as a lawmaker in key Parliamentary Committees that dealt with Parliamentary procedures governing members’ space for advocacy, ensures that he brings with him to the Department a solid working understanding of the Parliamentary processes of oversight and advocacy. This also means that he may be sympathetic to the type of lobbying and advocacy with the Ministry of Public Enterprises within the context of the relationship between State Owned Enterprises and Government’s infrastructure drive.

Deputy Minister of Higher Education (Mr. Mduduzi Comfort Manana)

Whilst many in the media as well as in the SASCO ranks have restricted the rationale around Manana’s appointment as a reward on the part of Zuma for Manana breaking rank with the League on its decision to the defy to ANC’s Disciplinary process once it has been exhausted, we must note that Manana does bring in a new much needed dimension into the Ministry of Higher Education. Given his youth and most importantly experience inside of student politics at tertiary institutions, Manana is well placed to relate to the current concerns of disadvantaged students at tertiary institutions. The fact that he constantly addresses student rallies at tertiary institutions and engages directly with students may well ensure that students can relate to him when they have concerns and when the Department requires student buy in on policy and legislative matters. As both a student and ANCYL leader Manana is known for his passion around policy issues dealing with higher education. As a member of the ANCYL’s NEC he has often been an outspoken critic of the performance of the Department of Higher Education at times.

Patel is Managing Director and Sayed Senior Advisor (Parliamentary, Governmental and Political Affairs) at ETHICORE.